Monday, May 31, 2010


Humanitarianism vs Imperialism
By: Regina Pearl
April 7, 2010

Americas ignorance to the dangers of war is what makes it an imperialistic country. America is a very imperialistic country, everything that the country we live in does shows that we are imperialistic. America is always fighting, it is very racist and last of all America is a GREEDY country. As Theodore Roosevelt wrote a letter to a friend and said ""In strict confidence . . . I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one." This shows that he has no sense of protection for America, because it is wrong to just look for a war. Some important reasons that show America to be an imperialistic country are greed, racism, and that America likes to fight.

America is a very imperialistic country first because it is always eager to fight and is very violent. Everyone in the country is violent, it is not okay to be teaching children violence, look at kids these days, playing violent games at young ages. All this is doing is teaching them that it is okay, children don't know that it is wrong unless they are taught that way! But leadership also is violent look at president Theodore Roosevelt, he was looking for and wanted war while he was president. A soldier named Littletown Waller said that while he was at war, General Smith told him to kill anyone over ten years old. That is morally wrong, no person should think this way. This is reason number one why Americas ignorance makes it an imperialistic country.

Americas ignorance toward racism is another reason why it is an imperialistic country. Although there are more and more rules about being racist and not being able to discriminate, America as a whole is still racist. A volunteer from Washington, D.C once said, "Our fighting blood was up, and we all wanted to kill 'niggers'....This shooting human beings beats hunting rabbits all to pieces." America it is not okay to be racist and treat people of different races this way! Look at how we treated black people back in the day, we made them our slaves and discriminated against them. White people could whip them, pay them very little money for hard work and they could hang them. America is an ignorant country which makes it very imperialistic.

America is a very greedy country. Greed plays a role in imperialism. America will do ANYTHING to gain something or make money for themselves. America as a whole is a materialistic country which also makes it imperialistic. Albert Beveridge once said, "The Pacific is our ocean....where shall we turn for our surplus ? Geography answers the question. China is our natural customer...The Philippines give us a base at the door of all the east". This just shows that America wants something for nothing, they want someone or something to do it for them and get nothing in return. The ocean is not just owned by one country. Americas ignorance is what makes it an imperialistic country.

America in general is an imperialistic country. America is violent. America only looks out for and worries about it self and is racist, which is WRONG. If America keeps this up they are going to have no allies and all enemies which is not a good thing for America. Americas ignorance is what causes it to be an imperialistic country.

Friday, May 7, 2010

War of Northern Aggression Questions

1. White people would be more likely to own slaves over politicians.
2. I think that higher politicians would have more slaves because they have the money to pay them and they would be more well known.
3. That alot of people had and used slaves.
4. The percent of slaves in population in higher then the percent of white people owning slaves.
5. This means that families had more then one slave.
6. The north has higher numbers and less black populations.
7. I think that they are because the more that you have the better you will be.
8. Because the union population increased.
9. Yes, the stronger tropp in going to come out on top.
10. It cost more then others for the time, the death toll was alot higher then any other war was
11. Everyone was effected.
12. Rebel states would be divided into individual military districts and be part of the US military.
13. Be resposible for protecting all people.
14. The officer was a monarch and didnt like it.
15. The north didnt wanna act scared.
16. Got rid of slavery and black people got the right to vote.

Civil War Questions

1. Use evidence to describe the economic impact of casino ownership and gambling on Native American tribes.
For the tribes that own a large casino like foxwoods, they make out good. But tribes that own smaller casinos don't make out so great.

2. What is the most significant problem of trying to understand the condition of the modern Native American population?
The indians have their own rules and regulations. They are civilized in their own way. They are different then the United States because they have independant communities.

3. In what ways are Native Americans a unique minority group in the United States? Do these reasons seem justified today, or should Native Americans be considered as a "regular" minority group (like African Americans, Asian Americans, women, etc.)?
The native americans signed a peace treaty with the united states pretty much saying that if they don't bother us we can't bother them.

4. Please find 4 specific examples of the sorts of events generalized in this paragraph. For each specific example, include a hyperlink to a website explaining the specific event, and a summary of that event.

5. What is meant by the phrase 'diseases of the poor'? What is the relationship between economics and health implied by that phrase?
They are going to use their money for other things that will make them happier and be more useful then what they look like or what their hygene is.

6. Is John McCain correct in his assessment of the treatment of Native Americans? Why?
I think that John McCain was correct in this statement. Because people these days dont go around making fun of people because of eye, hair, skin color etc.

7. Please define each of the following terms in the context of Native American policy:

* removal: being taken away to somewhere else.
* allotment: no money.
* termination: not allowed to come back.
* relocation: own government.
* assimilation:
* self determination: being set in their ways to get what they want.

8. Finally, give a paragraph summary on what self determination means, and why it either is, or is not, the appropriate policy for Native American people with respect to the Federal government.
For native americans I think that self determination would be setting your mind to getting what they want. Like just to be themselves, be able to live wih no interruptions and being able to have their own government and control what they want and like. They don't bother us and we don't bother them, it works perfect.

Thursday, May 6, 2010

Local History Proposal

I am going to take information about local businesses and write a report

Monday, April 26, 2010

Quarter 4 Research Project Proposal

Interview, Video Tape, give information on Mrs. Briggs and the importance of science in modern education.

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity
Quarter Three- Research Project
Regina Pearl
    The community-based project that I have chosen is focused on obese and overweight children at Sebasticook Valley Middle School.  Childhood obesity was chosen for this community project because of the alarming rate of which childhood obesity has risen across the United States.  In a report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2009, obesity rates in the State of Maine have risen among youths more than 100% in the last 20 years.   According to Dora Mills, the director of the Maine Centers for Disease , this generation of children may be the first generation not to outlive its parents because of the health implications due to obesity. 

      Carol a school nurse at Nokomis Regional High and Sebasticook Valley Middle School has finished the process of recording a Body Mass Index for almost every child at Sebasticook Valley Middle School.  BMI is a measurement used to classify the weight status of individuals by comparing weight to height.  The calculation consists of weight divided by the square height of the individual.  The following is the formula utilized for obtaining a BMI: weight in pounds divided by the height in inches multiplied by the height in inches (squared).  Then multiply this answer by 703.  The final answer is the child’s BMI. When I spoke to the school nurse here at Nokomis she reported that there are approximately 337 children at the middle school.  There are 178 boys and 159 girls attending the school . 46 children were not able to have their BMI recorded related to sickness or availability.  The children at the middle school are in grades 5-8.  There were few students at the middle school not listed as Caucasian: 4 Asian/Pacific Islander and 4 African American.  The BMI the school nurse obtained was used to classify the weight status of the children attending school there.  A BMI at or above 95% for a child of the same age and sex is considered obese.  A BMI between 85-95% is considered overweight for a child of the same age and sex.  The BMI of the students attending Sebasticook Valley Middle School is then compared to the Center of Disease Control standardized growth charts for children in the United States of the same age and sex.  At approximately 26%, the prevalence of childhood obesity at Sebasticook Valley Middle School is consistent with the prevalence for the State of Maine.  Childhood obesity currently affects 25% of children in the United States.


 BMI Measurements for students attending Sebasticook Valley Middle School

      Grade             #Kids    Obese     Overweight    Healthy weight      Underweight

       5                     78          26.9%         21.8%             48.7%                      2.5%

      6                      72         37.5%            2.2%            40.2%                          0%   

      7                      68         11.7%            25%             58.8%                      4.4%

      8                      73         28.7%            17.8%            53.4%                      0%


     In Healthy People 2020 document, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services proposed an objective to reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are overweight or obese.  The 2020 objectives pertaining to childhood obesity also focuses on improving the eating habits of children in Maine.  The objectives seek to increase the amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains that children consume.  The objectives also seek to reduce the amount of saturated fat consumed by children in the State.  Healthy People 2020 objectives further seek to increase the amount of nutrition counseling and education overweight and obese patients receive at their health care provider office appointments.  Health care providers play a large role in reducing the amount of obese children in Maine.  Health care providers also carry the responsibility of screening children for obesity and overweight by obtaining a BMI at office visits.  Health care providers have the important role of counseling a child and their parents about obesity while attempting to modify risk factors.  Counseling should include improving healthy eating choices and increasing physical activity.

      The childhood obesity health related concerns are that children are lacking proper nutrition and physical activity. The childhood obesity related health problems include cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, fatty degeneration of the liver, gall bladder disease, cancer, high cholesterol, asthma, sleep apnea, growth retardation, and high blood pressure. Overweight children have a chance of becoming overweight adults.  Childhood obesity is a community health concern because of the numerous chronic diseases that obesity contributes to.  Obesity is also a community health concern because it imposes a high cost on the U.S. health care system.   

       Community efforts have not been successful in addressing the needs of this aggregate.  If the community efforts were successful, than 26% of the middle school students would not be obese.  The alarming amount of overweight and obese children at this school validates that more efforts are needed to reduce the amount of children who are obese and overweight. Obese children tend to be taller than their peers and can show a slight increase in skeletal and pubertal maturation.  Literature was not available to prove these theories.  Obese girls tend to have early puberty and menarche.  Obesity is rarely caused by an underlying medical condition.  Some genetic factors and endocrine problems can cause obesity.         





Berkowitz, B. & Borchard, M. (2009). Advocating for the prevention of childhood obesity: A

      call to action for nurses. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing 14(1).  Retrieved on

      February 3, 2010, from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009).  Childhood overweight and obesity. 

      Retrieved on January 12, 2010, from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007).  Obesity in Maine.  Retrieved on January 12,

      2010, from

National Association for Sports and Physical Education. (2005).  Is it physical education or

Trust for America’s Health. (2010).  How obesity policies are failing in America.  Retrieved on

      January 27, 2010, from

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2009).  Healthy People 2020: The Road

      Ahead.  Retrieved on January 12, 2010, from  

Sunday, March 21, 2010

Still, the vast bulk of the American ...

 Still, the vast bulk of the American population was mobilized, in the army, and in civilian life, to fight the war, and the atmosphere of war enveloped more and more Americans. Public opinion polls show large majorities of soldiers favoring the draft for the postwar period. Hatred against the enemy, against the Japanese particularly, became widespread. Racism was clearly at work. Time magazine, reporting the battle of Iwo Jima, said: "The ordinary unreasoning Jap is ignorant. Perhaps he is human. Nothing .. . indicates it." ....      
        The bombing of Japanese cities continued the strategy of saturation bombing to destroy civilian morale; one nighttime fire-bombing of Tokyo took 80,000 livesisnt 80,000 people alot of people for one bomb? -Regina Pearl 3/21/10 4:13 PM And then, on August 6, 1945, came the lone American plane in the sky over Hiroshima, dropping the first atomic bomb, leaving perhaps 100,000 Japanese dead, and tens of thousands more slowly dying from radiation poisoning. Twelve U.S. navy fliers in the Hiroshima city jail were killed in the bombing, a fact that the U.S. government has never officially acknowledged, according to historian Martin Sherwin (A World Destroyed). Three days later, a second atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki, with perhaps 50,000 killed. they wanted to kill our own people. i dont think so! -Regina Pearl 3/21/10 4:14 PM 
       The justification for these atrocities was that this would end the war quickly, making unnecessary an invasion of Japan. Such an invasion would cost a huge number of lives, the government said-a million, according to Secretary of State Byrnes; half a million, Truman claimed was the figure given him by General George Marshall. (When the papers of the Manhattan Project-the project to build the atom bomb- were released years later, they showed that Marshall urged a warning to the Japanese about the bomb, so people could be removed and only military targets hit.) These estimates of invasion losses were not realistic, and seem to have been pulled out of the air to justify bombings which, as their effects became known, horrified more and more people. if the atomic bomb ttalled everything wouldnt it be kind of hard to tell how many people were killed? -Regina Pearl 3/21/10 4:17 PM Japan, by August 1945, was in desperate shape and ready to surrender. New York Times military analyst Hanson Baldwin wrote, shortly after the war:
The enemy, in a military sense, was in a hopeless strategic position by the time the Potsdam demand for unconditional surrender was made on July 26.
       Such then, was the situation when we wiped out Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
       Need we have done it? No one can, of course, be positive, but the answer is almost certainly negative.
       The United States Strategic Bombing Survey, set up by the War Department in 1944 to study the results of aerial attacks in the war, interviewed hundreds of Japanese civilian and military leaders after Japan surrendered, and reported just after the war:
Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the Survey's opinion that certainly prior to 31 December 1945, and in all probability prior to 1 November 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated.
       But could American leaders have known this in August 1945? The answer is, clearly, yes. The Japanese code had been broken, and Japan's messages were being intercepted. It was known the Japanese had instructed their ambassador in Moscow to work on peace negotiations with the Allies. Japanese leaders had begun talking of surrender a year before this, and the Emperor himself had begun to suggest, in June 1945, that alternatives to fighting to the end be considered. On July 13, Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo wired his ambassador in Moscow: "Unconditional surrender is the only obstacle to peace.. .." Martin Sherwin, after an exhaustive study of the relevant historical documents, concludes: "Having broken the Japanese code before the war, American Intelligence was able to-and did-relay this message to the President, but it had no effect whatever on efforts to bring the war to a conclusion."
       If only the Americans had not insisted on unconditional surrender- that is, if they were willing to accept one condition to the surrender, that the Emperor, a holy figure to the Japanese, remain in place-the Japanese would have agreed to stop the war.
       Why did the United States not take that small step to save both American and Japanese lives? Was it because too much money and effort had been invested in the atomic bomb not to drop it? General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project, described Truman as a man on a toboggan, the momentum too great to stop it. Or was it, as British scientist P. M. S. Blackett suggested (Fear, War, and the Bomb), that the United States was anxious to drop the bomb before the Russians entered the war against Japan?
       The Russians had secretly agreed (they were officially not at war with Japan) they would come into the war ninety days after the end of the European war. That turned out to be May 8, and so, on August 8, the Russians were due to declare war on Japan, But by then the big bomb had been dropped, and the next day a second one would be dropped on Nagasaki; the Japanese would surrender to the United States, not the Russians, and the United States would be the occupier of postwar Japan. In other words, Blackett says, the dropping of the bomb was "the first major operation of the cold diplomatic war with Russia.. .." Blackett is supported by American historian Gar Alperovitz (Atomic Diplomacy), who notes a diary entry for July 28, 1945, by Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal, describing Secretary of State James F. Byrnes as "most anxious to get the Japanese affair over with before the Russians got in."
       Truman had said, "The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians." It was a preposterous statement. Those 100,000 killed in Hiroshima were almost all civilians. The U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey said in its official report: "Hiroshima and Nagasaki were chosen as targets because of their concentration of activities and population."
       The dropping of the second bomb on Nagasaki seems to have been scheduled in advance, and no one has ever been able to explain why it was dropped. Was it because this was a plutonium bomb whereas the Hiroshima bomb was a uranium bomb? Were the dead and irradiated of Nagasaki victims of a scientific experiment? Martin Shenvin says that among the Nagasaki dead were probably American prisoners of war. He notes a message of July 31 from Headquarters, U.S. Army Strategic Air Forces, Guam, to the War Department:
Reports prisoner of war sources, not verified by photos, give location of Allied prisoner of war camp one mile north of center of city of Nagasaki. Does this influence the choice of this target for initial Centerboard operation? Request immediate reply.
The reply: "Targets previously assigned for Centerboard remain unchanged."
       True, the war then ended quickly. Italy had been defeated a year earlier. Germany had recently surrendered, crushed primarily by the armies of the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front, aided by the Allied armies on the West. Now Japan surrendered.